William Shaoul Benjamin, of Los Angeles USA, who has been accused of collecting intelligence for Saddam Hussein's regime during the 1990's was indicted on charges of failing to register as an agent of a foreign government.
Benjamin also faces charges of making false statements and conspiracy.
Benjamin has pleaded not guilty, and has been released on a $500,000 bond with electric monitoring.
Codenamed "9211" Benjamin allegedly worked with the Iraqi Intelligence Service between 1993 and 2001. He is accused of infiltrating groups and organisations deemed to be hostile to Saddam's government.
He also allegedly traveled to Iraq to train with intelligence officers.